Learn more about each country taking part in the Nordic Baltic pilot project, the national legal framework for combating trafficking and in particular the programs for assistance for victims of trafficking.
Estonia is a country of origin, a destination country and a transit country for women victims of trafficking. Estonian women are brought to Finland, Sweden, and Norway, and to a lesser extent other EU countries. Russian, Latvian and Ukrainian women are trafficked both to Estonia and also through Estonia to the Nordic countries.
There are approximately 4,000 to 5,000 women in prostitution in Denmark, of which 2,000 are of foreign origin. Denmark is a destination and a transit country for women and children who were trafficked from the former Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, Thailand, and Africa for the purposes of sexual exploitation.
In Iceland there is no established government assistance program specifically for victims of trafficking, although the Icelandic government funds the womens shelter (Stígamót), whose services includes assistance to victims of trafficking.
Swedish public authorities estimate that somewhere between 400 and 600 women who are victims of trafficking comes to Sweden every year. Most of them are from the Baltic countries, Eastern Europe and Russia. Sweden is first and foremost a transit point, with trafficked victims heading towards suspected destination countries of Denmark, Germany, Norway, Spain, and the United Kingdom. There is also trafficking of women to Swedish border towns, where women are being sexually exploited before they are sent back to their country of origin.
Lithuania is a source, transit, and destination country for trafficking. Europol estimates that more than 1,200 women and girls are victims of human trafficking every year. Women are largely trafficked to Germany, Spain, Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, and Poland for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Women are trafficked for sexual exploitation into and through Lithuania from countries such as Ukraine, Russia (Kaliningrad), and Belarus, and within Lithuania.
Latvia is both a country of origin and, to a lesser extent, a transit country for trafficked victims. The main countries of destination are Spain, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Nordic countries. NGO’s reports that women from poor districts are being trafficked within Latvia for sexual exploitation to Riga, Liepaja, and Ventspils. However, no criminal cases have yet been initiated for trafficking in persons within the country.
Finland is a destination and transit point for trafficking. Most victims of trafficking come from Russia, although women from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Belarus are also being trafficked for sexual exploitation. Increasing numbers of Chinese and Thai women are trafficked through Finland to other parts of Europe. The scope of the problem of trafficking in Finland remains unknown, since no study has yet been conducted.
According to figures by the Norwegian prostitution help center (Pro Senteret), the number of women with a foreign origin in prostitution augmented from 19% in 2001 to 63% just three years later. NGO’s estimates that many of these women have been victims of trafficking. The nationality of VOT’s in Norway is predominately Nigerian, but victims also come from Russia, Albania, Eastern Europe, and the Baltic countries.